How to Write an Engaging Lesson Plan

how to write a lesson plan

How to Write an Engaging Lesson Plan

Education professionals use lesson plans to detail coursework for students in a written form. The plans provide instructors with a general outline of their teaching goals, learning objectives and strategies to accomplish them so that they can assist students in better understanding the timeline of the course and plan for future material.

In this guide, we explain a lesson plan, how to write one and detail the elements of a good lesson plan.

What is a Lesson Plan?

A lesson plan is a detailed guide for what students need to learn and how it will be done effectively during class periods.

Detailed lesson plans can cover one day at a time or include a broader timeline for future assignments in a project or course.

Who Uses Lesson Plans?

Teachers write lesson plans based on teaching strategies at all levels of education. Teaching strategies are best practices in education that work in a range of classrooms.

Private tutors, freelance educators, webinar hosts and other professionals teaching skills or knowledge can equally use lesson plans to detail the coursework.

Elements of a Lesson Plan

A lesson plan includes data on the lesson or course, including:

1. Learning Objectives

A lesson plan includes a learning aims section that details the objectives, or what the students learn, from the current lesson.

This can cover student goals, items to cover and the educator’s expectations for the lesson. Learning objectives are simple and realistic for the learning environment and students’ abilities. Objectives are fair for each student and measurable to ensure progress.

2. Timeline

The timeline details how long each learning objective takes to achieve. Timelines detail how much time is expected for instruction and student participation, as well as any testing or other educational activities during the lesson.

3. Learning Activities

This section details the activities the teacher provides for students during the lesson to facilitate the lesson and meet learning objectives.

This includes data on tests, worksheets, class discussions or independent work time.

4. Post-lesson Assessment

Lesson plans can include a post-lesson assessment that the teacher uses to measure the success of the lesson, including information on student participation, grades and if students met the objectives.

5. Procedure

Lesson plans include instructions on the process of the lesson plan, detailing how students achieve the goals and what supplies they need to do so.

How to Write a Lesson Plan

Here’s how to write a good lesson plan in a few simple steps:

1. Identify Learning Objectives

Before you plan your lesson, it may be beneficial to identify the learning aims for the lesson. Learning objectives are most commonly recognized as statements that clearly outline what your students can expect to learn when new stuff is taught.

For instance, if you expect that students will have a better understanding and ability to be able to recall particular concepts, this would be a knowledge-based learning objective.

2. Plan Learning Activities

As you prepare your lesson plan, consider the types of activities students will engage in to develop skills and knowledge.

Activities should be directly related to your learning objectives and offer experiences that let students engage in, practice and gain feedback on those objectives.

Estimate how much time you need for each activity and maybe build in extra time for explanations or discussions.

3. Gather Your Learning Materials

Good lesson plans begin with acquiring all the materials you need for the planning phases. This includes tools to help create the lesson notes such as templates, guides and any other information you want to include.

Review your coursework to determine how to best present the information to students. You can also gather your students’ supplies during this phase. earning materials may include:

  • Calculators
  • Worksheets
  • Textbooks or helpful links
  •  Flashcards

4. Write Out Details

Writing out a lesson plan in a rough draft can assist you in visualizing where you want to go with it. You can use pen and paper or a computer to create the rough draft and then read over it during your review phase.

Having a rough draft helps you identify any missing components, problems with the instructions or potential obstacles for students.

5. Organize Your Work

Arrange your lesson plans in a binder or folder for reuse and review. This method also helps keep everything organized in one place so you do not have loose paperwork cluttering your desk or office space.

If a student demands a copy of last week’s lesson plan, you have one ready to go in your binder. The organization helps enhance the planning phase as well by grouping together ideas and materials for easy access.

6. Assess Student Progress

To measure the success of your lesson plan, include how you assess students after the lesson is complete. Detail your metrics of success including grades, deadlines and student comprehension of the materials.

If you decide to omit grades, you may need an alternative metric such as a one-on-one meeting with each student to discuss the lesson. You can also have students grade one another’s work.

7. Assign Homework

Homework is a good way to reinforce the day’s lesson after students leave the classroom. Once the lesson is complete, you can include the assignment as a bonus activity for students.

Include a short homework assignment in your lesson plan to increase student retention.

A lesson plan is necessary for every teacher who wants to impact positively on his students.

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