Types of Mental Health Professionals You Should Know

It might be challenging to seek treatment for problems with one’s relationships, emotions, or spirituality. We’ve compiled an essential list of the types of mental health professionals you should know.

Types of Mental Health Professionals

Mental health professionals work in various capacities to diagnose, treat and offer medical and physical care to individuals suffering from mental illnesses. Below are the titles and duties they are known for.


The first image that comes to mind when many people think of a psychologist is someone sitting on a chair, telling the doctor how they feel. But psychologists do more than that.

Psychologists specialize in the science of behaviors, emotions, and thoughts. They could be found in places like private offices, hospitals, or schools.

Through therapy, psychologists address a variety of difficulties, including mental diseases and interpersonal concerns.

A doctorate degree, such as a Ph.D., is often required for a psychologist. In the majority of states, psychologists cannot recommend medicine.



Psychiatrists’ jobs include treating and assisting in the prevention of mental, emotional, and behavioral illnesses. They do physical examinations, lab testing, and mental medicine.

A doctor having either a doctor of medicine (MD) or a doctor of osteopathic medicine (DO) degree is a psychiatrist.

Additionally, general practitioners might recommend drugs to treat mental and emotional issues. But for complex diseases, a lot of individuals choose to visit a psychiatrist. Among the specializations of psychiatrists are:

  • children and adolescents
  • forensic psychiatry
  • learning disabilities


A psychoanalyst assists someone in examining their suppressed or unconscious urges, worries, and internal conflicts in accordance with the theories and methods of Sigmund Freud. This is accomplished using methods like:

  • free association
  • dream interpretation
  • analysis of resistance and transference

There are many critics of psychoanalysis. However, a lot of individuals discover that it aids in their exploration of significant psychological and emotional issues that could unknowingly lead to patterns of negative conduct

Be cautious when choosing a psychoanalyst. Because no federal nor state legislation protects the title or accreditation, anybody can use the term and market their services as a psychoanalyst.

Psychiatric Nurse

These are registered nurses with a  specialty in mental health. These nurses proffer therapeutic relationships to people who seek help and work under the direction of a physician.

They also perform psychological therapy and administer psychiatric medication. They frequently deal with difficult conduct brought on by illnesses of the mind.


The word “psychotherapist” is a catch-all for several distinct sorts of mental health specialists. This can apply to therapists and psychologists. All of these experts in the field offer psychotherapy.

Talking treatment includes psychotherapy. It is intended to enhance both your overall and mental well-being.

There are numerous different psychotherapy schools. They can include expressive therapy, group therapy, and other types of treatment.

CBT is the most widely used kind of treatment (CBT). CBT can assist you in learning how to alter negative habits, thinking processes, or emotions.

Mental Health Counselor

This title is a broad term used to describe someone who provides counseling. Their titles may also include the terms “licensed” or “professional.” It’s important to ask about a counselor’s education, experience, and the types of services involved since the term is vague. Counselors are specialists in areas like:

  • work stress
  • addiction of any kind
  • marriages and relationships
  • families
  • general stress

Family and Marriage Counselor

A family and marital counselor focus on the typical issues, such as conflicts and disagreements, that might arise in families and married couples. The treatment is often rather brief in duration. The sessions are frequently concentrated on solving certain problems quickly.

Additionally, this kind of therapy is applied in one-on-one settings. When a person’s condition impacts persons in their immediate circle, group sessions may occasionally be employed. This could be seen in treatment for addiction or eating problems.


Addiction Counselor

People with addictions are treated by addiction counselors. This often entails difficulties with drug abuse or gambling, but it can also involve less typical addictions like sexual dependence or hoarding.

Group sessions are frequently used for addiction therapy. This reminds me of the techniques employed by Alcoholics Anonymous. It can also take place in solitude or with loved ones who are struggling with the addiction.

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