The Courtship of Miles Standish

The Courtship of Miles Standish

by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

The Courtship of Miles Standish


In the Old Colony days, in Plymouth the land of the Pilgrims,

To and fro in a room of his simple and primitive dwelling,

Clad in doublet and hose, and boots of Cordovan leather,

Strode, with a martial air, Miles Standish the Puritan Captain.

Buried in thought he seemed, with his hands behind him, and


Ever and anon to behold his glittering weapons of warfare,

Hanging in shining array along the walls of the chamber,–

Cutlass and corselet of steel, and his trusty sword of Damascus,

Curved at the point and inscribed with its mystical Arabic


While underneath, in a corner, were fowling-piece, musket, and


Short of stature he was, but strongly built and athletic,

Broad in the shoulders, deep-chested, with muscles and sinews of


Brown as a nut was his face, but his russet beard was already

Flaked with patches of snow, as hedges sometimes in November.

Near him was seated John Alden, his friend, and household


Writing with diligent speed at a table of pine by the window;

Fair-haired, azure-eyed, with delicate Saxon complexion,

Having the dew of his youth, and the beauty thereof, as the


Whom Saint Gregory saw, and exclaimed, “Not Angles, but Angels.”

Youngest of all was he of the men who came in the Mayflower.


Suddenly breaking the silence, the diligent scribe


Spake, in the pride of his heart, Miles Standish the Captain of


“Look at these arms,” he said, “the warlike weapons that hang


Burnished and bright and clean, as if for parade or inspection!

This is the sword of Damascus I fought with in Flanders; this


Well I remember the day! once saved my life in a skirmish;

Here in front you can see the very dint of the bullet

Fired point-blank at my heart by a Spanish arcabucero.

Had it not been of sheer steel, the forgotten bones of Miles


Would at this moment be mould, in their grave in the Flemish


Thereupon answered John Alden, but looked not up from his


“Truly the breath of the Lord hath slackened the speed of the


He in his mercy preserved you, to be our shield and our weapon!”

Still the Captain continued, unheeding the words of the


“See, how bright they are burnished, as if in an arsenal hanging;

That is because I have done it myself, and not left it to others.

Serve yourself, would you be well served, is an excellent adage;

So I take care of my arms, as you of your pens and your inkhorn.

Then, too, there are my soldiers, my great, invincible army,

Twelve men, all equipped, having each his rest and his matchlock,

Eighteen shillings a month, together with diet and pillage,

And, like Caesar, I know the name of each of my soldiers!”

This he said with a smile, that danced in his eyes, as the


Dance on the waves of the sea, and vanish again in a moment.

Alden laughed as he wrote, and still the Captain continued:

“Look! you can see from this window my brazen howitzer planted

High on the roof of the church, a preacher who speaks to the


Steady, straight-forward, and strong, with irresistible logic,

Orthodox, flashing conviction right into the hearts of the


Now we are ready, I think, for any assault of the Indians;

Let them come, if they like, and the sooner they try it the


Let them come if they like, be it sagamore, sachem, or pow-wow,

Aspinet, Samoset, Corbitant, Squanto, or Tokamahamon!”


Long at the window he stood, and wistfully gazed on the


Washed with a cold gray mist, the vapory breath of the east-wind,

Forest and meadow and hill, and the steel-blue rim of the ocean,

Lying silent and sad, in the afternoon shadows and sunshine.

Over his countenance flitted a shadow like those on the


Gloom intermingled with light; and his voice was subdued with


Tenderness, pity, regret, as after a pause he proceeded:

“Yonder there, on the hill by the sea, lies buried Rose Standish;

Beautiful rose of love, that bloomed for me by the wayside!

She was the first to die of all who came in the Mayflower!

Green above her is growing the field of wheat we have sown there,

Better to hide from the Indian scouts the graves of our people,

Lest they should count them and see how many already have


Sadly his face he averted, and strode up and down, and was



Fixed to the opposite wall was a shelf of books, and among them

Prominent three, distinguished alike for bulk and for binding;

Bariffe’s Artillery Guide, and the Commentaries of Caesar,

Out of the Latin translated by Arthur Goldinge of London,

And, as if guarded by these, between them was standing the Bible.

Musing a moment before them, Miles Standish paused, as if


Which of the three he should choose for his consolation and


Whether the wars of the Hebrews, the famous campaigns of the


Or the Artillery practice, designed for belligerent Christians.

Finally down from its shelf he dragged the ponderous Roman,

Seated himself at the window, and opened the book, and in silence

Turned o’er the well-worn leaves, where thumb-marks thick on the


Like the trample of feet, proclaimed the battle was hottest.

Nothing was heard in the room but the hurrying pen of the


Busily writing epistles important, to go by the Mayflower,

Ready to sail on the morrow, or next day at latest, God willing!

Homeward bound with the tidings of all that terrible winter,

Letters written by Alden, and full of the name of Priscilla,

Full of the name and the fame of the Puritan maiden Priscilla!


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