How to Write a Poem: A Step-by-Step Guide

Have you wondered about how to write a poem? Have you had difficulty trying to write poems? This article contains a step-by-step guide on how to go about it.

Writing a poem for the first time can be both terrifying and liberating. You can learn how to write a poem that expresses your thoughts, feelings, or ideas by following a few simple steps. Take out your favorite writing tools and start working on your poem!


Step 1: Understand What a Poem is

Before you can write a simple poem, you must first understand what makes a poem a poem! Any collection or arrangement of words that expresses an emotion or idea in a more concentrated style than standard speech or prose is defined as a poem.

Poems are typically written in verses as opposed to paragraphs. They can contain complete or incomplete sentences and frequently have a rhythm. Remember that poems do not have to rhyme.

Step 2: Determine Your Goal

What is the purpose of your poem, and what do you want it to say? The purpose of your poem can influence the form or style you use, how long or short it is, and the language you use. Is your writing for yourself, for a class, or for someone else?

Step 3: Select a Topic

The subject of your poem is the focus, of what your poem is about. Choosing a subject before writing can help you focus your mind on that particular subject. A poetry prompt can help you get started if you’re stuck for ideas.

Some popular poetry topics include:

  • A feeling, such as love or fear
  • A real or fictional person
  • A real or fictitious location
  • An emotion, such as acceptance or rejection
  • a physical thing
  • A creature
  • A time

Step 4: Brainstorm

Begin by writing down all of the words that come to mind when you think about your topic. Poets and writers frequently speculate on what other people or objects see or feel.

A poet might wonder why an apple is there, who put it there, what the apple is thinking, or what it will become, such as applesauce or apple pie.

Take a walk and try to engage all of your senses: touch, smell, sound, taste, and vision. Observe people and animals and imagine their emotions and perspectives. Get silly and make up ridiculous stories. All you need to do is relax, have fun, and begin writing whatever comes to mind.

Step 5: Select a Poem Format

The subject and tone of your poem influence its format. As a beginner, you don’t need to be concerned with style or get caught up in trying to perfect a format.

Choose one, learn the fundamental rules, and do your best to follow them.

Step 6: Write a Single Line

You have a goal, a topic, related words, and a format. It is now time to write. To begin, jot down one line.

This could be your title, your first line, or your last line. Examine the line and determine where you believe it falls on the spectrum of your concept.

Step 7: Finish Writing

Simply start adding lines after the first line if you use it as your opening line. If it’s your final line, you can either work backward or forwards.

Don’t be too concerned with perfect formatting as you write. You can correct that later.

Step 8: Revise Your Poetry

One of the most beneficial things you can do is set aside the first draft of your poem for a day or two. Return to it with fresh eyes and see if you can make any improvements.

You might even want to have someone else read it and provide feedback. When you’re satisfied with the poem, it’s finished.

How to Write Your First Poem

Your first poem may not be perfect, but it may be good. That’s fine. You’re more likely to be proud of your poem if you keep a few things in mind as you write.

  • Write with emotion: What makes poems great is the emotion they evoke in the reader.
  • Avoid using clichés: Clichés are overused phrases, such as “busy as a bee.”
  • Make use of imagery: Use concrete, sensory-stimulating words.
  • Make use of similes and metaphors: Similes contrast two things by using the words “like” or “as.” Metaphors do the same thing, but without the words “like” or “as.”

Begin Writing Your Poem

Learning how to write poetry can be simple, whether you’re writing for an assignment or for personal reasons. All you have to do is get started. How will your first poem sound?

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